Not only India but all over the world are suffering from malnutrition problem. According to the data of the World Bank, India has one of the world’s highest demographics of children suffering from malnutrition. In India, 40 per cent of children who are below the age of five years is severely undernourished.
Right now, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand and Bihar are the prominent states who are suffering from malnutrition in children. Let’s talk about the Malnutrition problem in India.
What is Malnutrition
According to the WHO, malnutrition is referring to a deficiency or imbalance of nutrients in the body. It has two broad conditions like under nutrition and over nutrition. Undernutrition means underweight and micronutrient deficiencies. And, overnutrition refers to that stage where the oversupply of nutrients leads to obesity and vitamin poisoning problems.
Causes of Malnutrition
- Lack of appetite
- Problems indigestion
- Crohn’s disease
- Anorexia, an eating disorder
- Effects of Malnutrition in Children
- Decaying tooth
- Poor immune system
- Swollen and bleeding gums
- Dry and scaly skin
- Bloated stomach
- Muscle weakness
- Loss of energy
- Poor growth
- Organ failure
Cause of Malnutrition in children
A disease that causes chronic intestinal inflammation like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease in children may lead to malnutrition. Intestinal worm infections in children also cause malnutrition in children.
How to prevent from Malnutrition
People who are suffering from malnutrition problem should eat healthy food. You should encourage your family and loved ones to eat a balanced diet. Start with getting your personalized nutritional information based on your gender, age, height, weight and physical activity. Eat lots of green vegetables and consume fruits.
Healthy snacks play a huge role in taking nutrition food. It gives a good dose of nutrients. It will improve your overall health, regulate mood and boost brain power.
Exercise is also very important to stay fit. Daily exercise for 30 minutes and it helps you to combat diseases and managing weight.
You can also add supplements to your diet. A person with malnutrition may benefit from a supplement shake or other nutritional supplements.
If you or your child is suffering from malnutrition then you must take care of his or her nutritional needs and diet. After all, health is wealth and you cannot ignore it.